The Spanish word alameda means aspen forest or tree-lined street, and it was originally used to describe the Arroyo de la Alameda, which was lined with willows and sycamores. Now, the name of the main stream that runs through the county is simply Alameda Creek. Alameda County is part of the San Francisco—Oakland—Berkeley, California Metropolitan Statistical Area and the San Jose—San Francisco—Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area. It was formed on March 25, 1853 from a large part of Contra Costa County and a smaller part of Santa Clara County.
This region has gone through a historic progression from Native American tribal lands to Spanish, then Mexican ranches, then to farms, ranches and orchards, and then to various urban centers and suburbs. The annual county fair is held at the Alameda County Fairgrounds in Pleasanton. The Board elects a president who chairs all Board meetings and appoints committees to manage work related to the county's major programs. The Alameda County Superior Court operates in twelve different locations across the county, with its headquarters in René C.
Davidson Courthouse located in Oakland, near Lake Merritt. Most major criminal trials and complex civil cases are heard here or in the courtrooms of the county administration building across the street. The Hayward Fault, a major branch of the San Andreas Fault to the west, cuts through the most populated parts of Alameda County, while the Calaveras Fault cuts through the southeastern part of the county. Areas close to the bay itself have a warm Mediterranean maritime summer climate, while behind the mountains, summers are significantly warmer. Santa Clara County is bordered by the county to the south.
San Joaquin County borders the county on the east. Contra Costa County borders the county to the north. Stanislaus County borders the county at the easternmost end of its southern boundary along 250 feet (76 m). In terms of population demographics, 24.6% were under 18 years old; 33.9% were between 25 and 44; 21.7% were between 45 and 64; 10.2% were over 65; and for every 100 females there were 96.60 males. The table below includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 people for each type of crime.
The Alameda County Office of Education oversees seventeen K-12 school districts and one K-8 district in Alameda County. In total, there are approximately 10,000 teachers serving 225,000 students. ACOE also serves three community college districts with a total enrollment of approximately 55,000 students. Alameda County is home to the University of California at Berkeley, one of the largest and most prestigious research universities in the world. The main airport is Oakland International Airport, with two general aviation airports, Hayward Executive Airport and Livermore Municipal Airport. The nonprofit organization of the Community Food Bank of Alameda County provides food bank resources to residents.
The Family Emergency Shelter Coalition coordinates services for homeless families. The Alameda County Arts Commission was created in 1965. Even when Ronald Reagan won the national popular vote by an 18.3% margin in 1984, Walter Mondale won Alameda County by a larger margin. The county obtained the sixth highest number of negative votes by percentage of all counties in California and was second largest by total voter turnout to vote against. The racial makeup of Alameda County was 649122 (43%) white; 190451 (12%) African American; 9799 (0%) Native Americans; 394560 (26%) Asians (9% Chinese; 5% Filipino; 4% Indian; 2% Vietnamese; 1% Korean; 0% Japanese; 2% other Asians); 12802 (0%) Pacific Islanders; 162540 (10%) from other races; 90997 (6%) from two or more races. The Alameda County Fire Department (ACFD) was formed on July 1st 1993 as a dependent district with its Board of Supervisors as its governing body. Alameda County Government is defined and authorized by California Constitution; California law; and Alameda County Charter. Alameda County does not guarantee accuracy; reliability; or timeliness of information translated by Google Translate. In addition; several California government entities have jurisdiction contiguous to Alameda County such as Alameda County Superior Court. Since 1932; Alameda County has been a stronghold for Democratic Party with Dwight Eisenhower being only Republican presidential candidate to have governed it since. The district attorney's office is responsible for prosecuting all criminal violations of laws of state of California; county or its constituent municipalities in Alameda County Superior Court. Population growth has been driven by both natural net increase in births relative to deaths as well as substantial immigration making it one most ethnically diverse regions in Bay Area and country. Alameda County is an incredible example of how different cultures can come together to form a vibrant community that celebrates diversity while still maintaining its unique identity.